The Brazilian Legal System
Brazil is a civil law country that uses the Portuguese civil law. This law is based on statutes and has some aspects of the Roman law. The Brazilian law system is also based on codes and legislation enacted by the federal legislature. Brazil is a federal republic made of the union of states and municipalities.
The Legal Profession
The law profession is one of the most prestigious and promising professions in Brazil. As of 2013, Brazil had almost 847,921 lawyers and 197,664 law students. Brazil has law schools present in every state with Sao Paulo state producing the highest number of lawyers every year (321,885 lawyers).
The Brazilian law course goes for five years after which a candidate graduates with a bachelor’s of law. However, a graduate cannot yet represent clients in a court of law or provide legal advice. The graduate must first pass the bar examination and get approved by the Order of Attorneys of Brazil (AOB) before practicing the profession.
The Order of Attorneys of Brazil
The OAB is the Brazilian bar association. It is made up of lawyers who are entrusted with the role of regulating the legal profession in the country. Graduates from a law school who wish to practice the law profession must register with the Order of Attorneys of Brazil. The organization is a private institution and is independent of the government.
The exam takes place across the country in March, August, and December and consists of 2 sections: the written test and the multiple choice test. Students who have passed the exams are eligible to be approved by the Attorneys of Brazil (AOB).
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has risen through ranks to be one of the prominent lawyers in Brazil. He is the co-founder of Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados, a well-known law firm in Brazil. Mr. Tosto obtained his law degree from Mackenzie Presbyterian University and another degree from Armando Alvares Penteado Foundation.
He blends his knowledge from the two fields to represent clients and offer legal advice in areas such as administrative law, commercial law, civil law and business restructuring. He is also a distinguished writer and a public speaker on legal and political matters.